like this from happening. But when they happen—unexpectedly—
the world comes crashing down.
So, how can businesses be helped to keep this possibility— no matter how remote—in their minds and work practices so that it is prevented from ever happening? OSHA has decided to keep it simple and concentrate on the top four culprits. This is what they refer to as the "Focus Four." Others have called them the "Fatal Four." Both terms are appropriate. Special attention to these four items is given during both the 10-and 30-hour OSHA Construction Outreach Training Program classes.
If the "carrot" of knowing that such an accident is not likely to happen in your company because you are following good safety procedures isn't enough, do know that OSHA also has a "stick." Because of its history, Construction is in their crosshairs. OSHA, in their Focus Four training materials says, "Construction is among the most dangerous industries in the country and construction inspections comprise 60% of OSHA's total inspections." This fact is borne out by this year's statistics. Construction-related incidents are prominent in the top ten violations that OSHA has cited so far in 2017.
This past September at the National Safety Council's Congress & Expo OSHA released its list of the top 10 safety violations cited in 2017. Comparing these items to OSHA's Focus Four is evidence that OSHA is, without doubt, focusing on these items. 1. Fall Protection –General Requirements
(1926.501): 6,072 violations
2. Hazard Communication (1910.1200): 4,176
3. Scaffolding (1926.451): 3,288
4. Respiratory Protection (1910.134): 3,097
5. Lockout/Tagout (1910.147): 2,877
6. Ladders (1926.1053): 2,241
7. Powered Industrial Trucks (1910.178): 2,162
8. Machine Guarding (1910.212): 1,933
9. Fall Protection –Training Requirements: 1,523
10. Electrical –Wiring Methods (1910.305): 1,405
When presenting this list, NSC President and CEO, Deborah A. P. Hersman, put it into perspective, as reported in Safety+Health magazine, “The OSHA Top 10 is more than just a list, it is a blueprint for keeping workers safe. When we all work together to address hazards, we can do the best job possible to ensure employees go home safely each day.”
At the end of the day, that's what the Focus Four is all about. That's what OSHA's inspections and citations are all about. That's what your company's safety programs are all about. We want our employees to go home safely each day.
John Nain, Nain and Associates. Nain provides safety training, safety monitoring, OSHA compliance, and accident mitigation services to business owners, including those involved in residential construction through heavy industry construction, as well as to engineering and architectural firms. Website: nainllc.com