OSHA's Focus
Electrocutions: General Contractor installed a bank of GFCI's for his subs to plug in so all extension cords would have GFCI protection. Photos Courtesy of John Nain, Nain & Associates LLC
Falls: This superintendent is on a walk board with no guard rails. Not only is this an unsafe practice, it also demonstrates leadership's negligence of a strong safety program.
Struck by: Here's an example of what not to do. Could this photo have been taken in one of your trenches?
Here is a tired or poorly motivated employee. Although not a specific violation of one of the Focus Four, we can see here the results of poor leadership. (This is one of the employees of the supervisor in the photo to the left.) Under such circumstances, accidents can happen.
Electrocutions: Lockout Tagout is important for electrical safety -Here is an example of group lockout. Multiple keys are locked in a box with each employee putting their own lock on the box to secure the keys.
Struck by: Here's an example of what to do. The guys are decked out in high visibility clothing and one of them is being certified to operate a "skid steer.". These are two good tools (high viz clothing + training) to prevent a "struck by," i. e., someone being struck by a "skid steer" on a construction site.

Jobsite Safety

This third article in our series of Jobsite Safety explains which items OSHA will concentrate on if they come to your job site. Sometimes one gets the impression that OSHA is the "bad guy" and a visit by an OSHA inspector is the last thing your company would want. It is true that OSHA visits have put companies out of business where serious violations exist. So OSHA visits need to be taken seriously. But if the emphases of the previous two articles have been taken to heart—i. e. your top leadership buys in to the idea that Safety is the right thing to do and has set up a program that incorporates training and safe practices in the field—you have little to fear (provided your record keeping is good). If you are a company with safety at heart, then you are totally in line with OSHA's objectives and you will be able to see them as an ally.

OSHA's Focus Four

OSHA has developed a special list, the Focus Four, for the construction industry out of a very practical concern. Of all industries in the U. S., Construction ranks at the top in terms of fatal accidents. According to their statistics compiled between 1992 and 2015, Construction had the greatest number of fatal work injuries—937 of them. This exceeded the numbers for the next sector (Transportation and Warehousing) by almost 200 fatalities (over 20%).

In July and August of this year alone, OSHA reported that it had to investigate the following incidents: worker died after falling and striking head, worker fatally crushed by concrete, worker died after being struck by falling tree, worker died after falling and striking head on floor, worker killed in fall from roof, worker died after being struck by falling tree top, and worker died after being struck by falling truss—among others.

Thankfully, accidents like this don't happen to everyone all the time. But that may be a two-edged sword. Because it hasn't happened to you, or someone you know, it is easy to get complacent and not do what is necessary to prevent incidents